Taiwan Shi He Quan
Taiwan Shi He Quan
Taiwan Shi He Quan
Shi He Quan Kung Fu
About the Shi He Quan Kungfu Association
The Shi He Quan Kung Fu Association was established on the April 12th, 2009 in Tainan, Taiwan by current headmaster Liu Han-Hong (劉瀚霟).
The association was founded by Master Liu in order to preserve this rare art.
Our association seeks to promote an accurate martial understanding of‘Hunting Crane ’Kung Fu .
We also seek to promote physical welfare to the public and engage in global exchanges through our martial understanding.
1. Research and promote the art of ‘Hunting Crane’ Kung Fu
2. Train and develop ‘Hunting Crane’ talents; promote traditional martial spirit
3. Promote ‘Hunting Crane’ through martial, cultural and educational exchanges
4. Preserve the art of ‘Hunting Crane’ as an important cultural heritage
5. Work with the our government to promote national physical welfare, cultural education and other related events/activities
The Origin of‘Hunting Crane’
Chinese Martial Arts originated between the Zhou and Qin Dynasties. The Shaolin Style originated during the Later Wei Dynasty
and from thence was passed on in a systematic manner. When the Shaolin Temple was burned down during the Kangxi Era of the Qing Dynasty,
Shaolin monks escaped to all corners of China. From thence, the Shaolin Style was passed all over China. One particular survivor,
Fang Waishi, took refuge in the Fuzhou Shalian Temple and passed his martial knowledge unto his daughter, Fang Qiniang (方七娘).
Fang Waishi had married and beget her before he joined the Shaolin Temple. When the Shaolin Temple was attacked by the
Qing army, he escaped to the Shalian Temple in Fujian province with Fang Qiniang who was then 7 Year old.
The art Fang Qiniang’s father originally taught her was ’18 Luohan Quan.’In regards to how White Crane (and by extension, Hunting Crane)
was created, legend has it that once Fang Qiniang encountered a white crane while washing clothes. Fang Qiniang tried to shoo the crane away with a stick.
But no matter how she tried to poke it, the crane avoided all of these. Fang Qiniang realized that the crane’s movement was highly effective and
studied them carefully. After combining what she learned from the crane with her own knowledge of 18 Luohan Quan, she conceived the White Crane Kung Fu .
The Origin of ‘Hunting Crane’ in Taiwan
Immigration to Taiwan from Mainland China was especially prevalent during the Chinese Republican era. A large wave of this immigration trend occurred in 1922.
Of this wave, four particular men of great martial skill from Fuzhou relocated to Taiwan. All of them accepted students.
Three of them practiced Flying Crane, while one of them, Lin Deshun (林德順), practiced Hunting Crane(Shi He Quan). Lin, who is thus considered the first headmaster of
Hunting Crane in Taiwan, then taught this art to Liu Gu (劉故), his eventual successor and the second headmaster. It is also, therefore, widely accepted that traditional
White Crane of Taiwan originated from these four immigrants. To make clear, however, White Crane was initially one single art.
Practitioners of this art eventually attainted different interpretations and created separate forms such as ‘flying’ or ‘hunting.’
The art of Hunting Crane was passed on by Lin Deshun to the Liu Family of Liuying, Tainan.
Lineal History of the Headmasters of Hunting Crane in Taiwan
The first headmaster, Lin Deshun, was originally from Fuzhou. He first came to Chiayi, Taiwan in 1922 in order to find better work opportunities.
According to 3rd Headmaster, Liu Yinshan (劉銀山), Hunting Crane was originally a secret art passed only within the Cai family.
Lin Deshun was his teacher’s adopted son and arranged to marry into the family, so he was taught as the successor of the art.
However, as economic conditions continually declined in early Republican China, Master Lin decided to temporarily relocate to Taiwan in search
of better work with the intention to return as soon as he made enough earnings. It is thus Liu Gu (2nd Headmaster) came in contact with Master Lin.
Master Liu Gu was originally a practitioner of Yongchun Kungfu and came to learn of Master Lin’s martial skill. When Liu Gu met Master Lin,
he was impressed by Master Lin’s prowess and invested all his savings and a great sum of money (enough to have bought a large farm)
to invite Master Lin to become his in-house teacher. So in 1927, Liu Gu (the second headmaster) began learning from Master Lin for what would eventually be 5 years.
Unfortunately, as the Japanese Colonial in Taiwan had outlawed Chinese martial arts, they arrested and deported Master Lin in 1932.
During the deportation, however, Master Lin died from an overdose of morphine injected by the Japanese police.
Nevertheless, the Hunting Crane of Master Lin is passed on to the Liu Family.
The 3rd Headmaster, Liu Yinshan,desired to spread this great art to the world and finally accepted to teach openly.
Lineage of Hunting Crane
1. Fang Qi-Nian (方七娘)
2. Zeng Si-Shu (曾四叔)
3. Zheng Li-Shu (鄭禮叔)
4. Cai Zhong-Shu (蔡忠叔)
5. Cai Gong-Jing (蔡公頸)
6. Lin De-Shun (林德順)
Taiwanese Lineage (as continued from Lin De-Shun)
1. Lin De-Shun (林德順)
2. Liu Gu (劉故)
3. Liu Yin-Shan (劉銀山), Liu Tai-Shan (劉泰山)
4. Liu Chang-Yi (劉長益) & Liu Han-Hong (劉瀚霟)